With the number of earthquakes that shake the world these days, one of them is soon going to trigger a volcanic eruption or two. The extent of the eruption cannot be known at this time of course; it could be small or it could be so massive that it could devastate the area around it like so many other volcanoes have done throughout the history of the world. Volcanoes are forces of nature that humans are powerless against; when one erupts, the best thing to do is get out of the way ASAP.
Below are 5 of the worst volcanic eruptions of all time that will make you marvel at the force of nature.
Top 5 Worst Volcanic Eruptions
Mt. Tambora can be found in Sumbawa Island, Indonesia. The explosion of this volcano was ranked 7 (super-colossal) on the VEI or the Volcanic Activity Index. It is also the second-highest ranking eruption to be found in the index. The eruption peaked in April 1815; it exploded with such a massive amount of noise that people all the way from the island of Sumatra (1,930km away) heard it. It killed around 71,000 people and covered far-away islands in ash.
This volcano is located on the North Korea/China border and it erupted around 1000 AD and ranks 7 on the VEI. The eruption spewed volcanic material all the way to northern Japan which is about 1,200 km away from the volcano. Its eruption was so massive that a caldera 4.5km across and nearly 1km wide was formed in the summit of the mountain.
Located on the island of Santorini in Greece. Scientists believe it erupted around 1610 BC and has a VEI rank of 7. They also state that the energy from the eruption was equivalent to several atomic bombs going off within a fraction of a single second.
This volcano is found in El Salvador and while it has only erupted twice, the one that happened in 450 AD was quite a monster. It covered vast tracks of land with ash and forced the early Mayans to flee for their lives.
Located in Luzon Island in the Philippines, the 1991 explosion of Mt. Pinatubo ranked 6 in the VEI. This stratovolcano ejected around 5 cubic km of volcanic material into the air and expelled a column of ash 35 km into the atmosphere. The explosion spewed millions of tons of particles and sulfur dioxide into the air and it caused global temperatures to drop by 0.5 degree Celsius for a year after.