It is very hard to even think about the state of early man of earth when he had no home, no instruments or weapons, and no clothes. Man, unlike other living beings, has a more active and functional brain. However, his brain is not the sole factor which has made him far more progressive, advanced and developed than any other animal.
The first invention of man is said to be a primitive tool which consisted of a split stone and served a wide range of purposes. After this basic tool, man prepared the hand axe, knife, and many other tools and instruments. All these discoveries and inventions led to the evolution of human civilization.
The word “Science” is derivative of the Latin word “Scientia” which means knowledge. Science is probably the most important and helpful subject of study for human race.
Most Famous Scientists and Inventors in History
Inventions and discoveries are generally the direct result of a systematic research work. On certain occasions, however, inventions are a chance event. The famous antibiotic Penicillin was accidentally discovered by Sir Alexander Fleming when he was attempting to study staphylococci bacteria. Sometimes necessity makes the scientists discover new things. For instance, guided missiles had to be developed by German scientists during the World War II in order to destroy and defeat England.
The classic theories put forward by Pythagoras, Aristotle, Archimedes, Socrates, Plato, Jabir Ibn Hayyan, etc. are still relevant today, and have made crucial contributions to scientific developments.
The Era of Modern Science
The age of science really led off in the middle of the 17th century. Robert Boyle was the first scientist to introduce the method of experiments and its importance in the field of science. In this period, various institutions of science and inventors started working in different countries of Europe such as England, France and Germany.
Many famous scientists of ancient and medieval era like Galileo, Newton, etc. put forward many principles and theories in the different fields and areas of science. Since then modern science has utilized and built upon those methods and techniques to discover many of the things we take for granted in our world.