Famous Scientists

7 Fun and Unusual Facts about the Human Body

Author: Heather Brown

You might think you know yourself intimately. You might even say that you know yourself like the back of your hand; however, there are some pretty strange things your body does that might surprise even you. The human body is an efficient machine hones by millions of years of evolution but it does have its little oddities and quirks that might surprise you. Check out 7 unusual facts about the human body below and prepare to be amazed.

1.  Babies are born with 300 bones and adults have just 206 – It does seem a little freaky and why should babies have more bones when adults are bigger? The reason for this is that as babies grow, some of the bones fuse together to form just one bone.

2.  The small intestine is the largest digestive organ – It seems a bit strange that something called “small” will take the title as the largest digestive organ. However, at 18-20ft long it is a well-deserved title.

3.  Stomach acids are so strong they can dissolve razor blades – Forget what they say about swallowing a seed and having a tree grow inside you. The PH level in the stomach ranges from 1-3 which is so strong a mere seed cannot hope to survive.

4.  You get a new stomach lining every 3-4 days - Your stomach acids are so strong they can dissolve steel. If you didn’t develop a new stomach lining every 3 to 4 days your stomach would end up eating itself.

5.  Everyone has unique tongue prints – Just like your finger prints you have a unique tongue print from everyone else on earth. However, you will not be asked for a tongue-print by the cops just yet as finger-printing is still the norm.

6.  You shed hundreds of thousands of skin particles per hour  – You might get annoyed if your pet sheds some fur on your couch but that’s nothing compared to the amount of dead skin cells you shed. The rate is about 600,000 skin cell particles per hour but they are so tiny you do not even see them.

7.  Your nose has a long memory – Your sense of smell might not rival that of your furry four-legged friend’s but your nose is powerful enough to remember an astounding 50,000 different scents.

Just when you think you know your body inside and out, these unusual facts give you some pleasant (and not so pleasant) surprises. The bottom line is your body is amazing and will constantly surprise you.

5 Scientists with High I.Q.s

Author: Heather Brown

The normal I.Q. for most people falls around 85-115 based on the Stanford-Binet test. In the whole world, about one percent of the population have IQs which are higher than 135 which means one is among the few “highly gifted” individuals. People who have IQs that are from 165-179 are those who can be called “high geniuses” while those who have IQs of 180-200 are “highest genius.” Here are some of them!

Galileo Galilei

The famous astronomer, philosopher, and physicist, Galileo Galilei had an IQ of 185! This Italian scientist played a great role during the time of Scientific Revolution, and he is considered as the “Father of Scientific Reason.” Although Nicolaus Copernicus who hypothesized that the sun revolved around the earth had an IQ of 160, the genius that was Galileo Galilei was right about the sun being the center of the solar system.

Rene Descartes

The proponent of the Cartesian plane and “tabula rasa” or blank slate in education and philosophy, Rene Descartes is a famous philosopher and mathematician with an IQ of 180. The French mathematician was also a writer, and it was he who said the now famous phrase “I think therefore I exist” or “Cogito ergo sum.” He is also known as the “Father of Modern Philosophy.”

Immanuel Kant

Another great philosopher with a brilliant mind, Immanuel Kant had an IQ of 175. The German philosopher is still one of today’s central figures in philosophy and he is most famous for his argument stating that the source of man’s morality is reason. He also has influences on epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, aesthetics, and political philosophy.

Charles Darwin

A British scientist who is most famous for his contributions to biology, Charles Darwin laid the foundations of the theory of evolution and had an IQ of 165. He was a naturalist as well as a geologist and one of his most famous endeavors had been in the Galapagos Islands concerning his search for the center of creation. It is from his name that the term “Darwinism” was coined from, and the phrase “survival of the fittest” had been inspired by his studies on evolution.

Albert Einstein

Last but definitely not the least on this list is Albert Einstein with the IQ of 160. The physicist is known for his theory of relativity which formed the pillars of physics as we know it today. He is considered as the most influential physicist of the 20th century, and is also a Nobel Prize laureate in Physics.

5 Rarest Metals

Author: Heather Brown

The earth has a lot of secrets and a lot of things that aren’t so secret. This is especially true when it comes to the minerals and metals that it harbors. Some metals and minerals are very common while some are so rare that you may never see them in your life. Below are 5 rarest metals on earth and what they are used for.

Iridium – this metal is silvery white in color and rather brittle. It also mixes will with platinum and that is the state when it is at its most workable. Most of the time, iridium can be found in comet or meteorite crash sites. It makes you wonder why there is so much iridium out in space and so little of it on earth but that isn’t exactly true. There is a lot of iridium on earth but because it is so dense, it has sunk into depths that are impossible for people to reach. Better to get it out there than to dig for it here.

Indium – if metals were given personalities, Indium would be the crybaby. It’s a softy (literally and figuratively speaking), it is blue on the inside, and even lets out a “cry” when it is bent out of shape. As it happens, indium is a very rare metal that is made during the zinc-ore processing method. In its purest form, it is a white colored metal that is quite shiny and very malleable.

Rhenium – this metal is not as well-known as other metals but it is one of the densest metals in the world and has the third highest melting point. Rhenium is a molybdenum by-product which means it is a by-product that comes about when people mine for copper.

Osmium – this is one of the densest elements on earth and looks silvery-blue. There is still a debate whether osmium is heavier than iridium. This metal is usually mixed with platinum group metals that are in nickel heavy ores. The trading price for this rare metal is at $380per troy ounce.

Gold

Gold – it is no wonder why gold makes the list. It is not only rare but it is also used in a lot of things and this is why it tends to be really expensive. It is all in the law of supply and demand and when the demand for gold is sky-high and there isn’t a lot of it, you can bet prices will soar through the sky.

The Gem Corn and Its Origins

Author: Heather Brown

What do you think of when someone says the word “corn”? Some of you may think of creamed corn on the cob with steaming hot yellow kernels smothered in butter. Some of you may imagine yellow kernels just waiting to be popped to make delicious and healthy popcorn. Whatever you picture corn to be, it is almost a given that you do not equate corn with rainbows or gems but this is only because you have not yet been dazzled by the opalescent kernels that belong to the Gem corn.

What is this Gem corn, you may ask? Well, it is corn still but what sets it apart is that the kernels come in different colors and they practically look like little precious gems stuck on a cob. Just take a look at the gleam and the shine of those kernels! They are practically begging to be strung up and worn as jewelry!

Indeed, it is easy to think that this is all a hoax because who would believe that something as normal as corn could be so remarkable? Rest assured though, the gem corn does exist and it is all thanks to Carl Barnes.

Who is Carl Barnes?

If you love how the Gem corn looks then you have to Carl Barnes to thank for its creation. He is a part-Cherokee farmer and he is the person responsible for holding on to the seeds of the Gem corn. See, he was a corn farmer and while he was collecting harvest, he realized that some ancestral types of corn were popping up here and there. He collected the seeds and crossed them so he could make sure that their genetic pool was widened and this is how the Gem corn came to be.

There was a time when this type of corn wasn’t often seen but all thanks to Carl Barnes and is one seed preservation organizations, it really does seem like this is one type of corn that is on its way to the top.  If you too would like to plant your own Gem corn, you can order the seeds online although there may be a waiting period since the demand is high and supply is limited for the time being. Also, you best know that while it can be cooked an eaten, it is largely an ornamental corn that is meant to be displayed and marveled at.

5 of the Best Inventions by Da Vinci still Used Today

Author: Heather Brown

It can be said that Leonardo Da Vinci was a man who thought well ahead of his time. With his numerous inventions, he had been able to create many firsts. Not just an artist known for his technique called sfumato, Da Vinci designed several contraptions – some of which are still used today!

Ball bearing – Although it does not seem all that impressive, a lot of today’s modern machines make use of Da Vinci’s ball bearing. It allows the smooth movement of drive shafts, factory ramps, and most other mechanical devices that require movement and transition. This invention reduces the friction between two different moving surfaces and helps make machines more efficient.

Parachute – This one is pretty self-explanatory. Simple as it seems, the parachute allows an individual to fall from great heights with a slow momentum—allowing for safe landing. Parachutes increase a falling body’s resistance and since Da Vinci was also interested in human flight, he had come up with the parachute to break the fall of a person.

Machine gun – Though not in the modern sense of being a machine gun, Da Vinci invented the first weapon which can fire volleys at rapid intervals. It is more popularly known as the triple-barreled canon which would have been a deadly weapon for armies in the field. It was a portable, fast, and light weapon with a lot of firepower. The machine had 11 guns which could all be fired at once

Diving gear – Da Vinci had entertained the idea of being able to repel and intercept invading ships. His thought was to send actual men underwater to damage the hulls of the ships! It was far-fetched and tedious to actually carry out, but this thought had inspired the creation of today’s modern diving suits and scuba gear. A practical point from Da Vinci’s creation was how the divers would have to carry a bottle which they can use to urinate in—allowing them to stay underwater for indefinite periods of time!

Revolving bridge – Because he had written how he hated wars battle weapons had been a specialty of Da Vinci and used his inventions to support his household. Da Vinci devised his own way for a quick getaway when things get nasty while surrounded by a body of water. The bridge is made up of lightweight materials and had a rope-and-pulley mechanism which would allow armies to move quickly away from danger.

The above are just some of the many useful inventions that have made Da Vinci one of the most timeless inventors in history!



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