5 Worst Volcanic Eruptions of All Time

 

With the number of earthquakes that shake the world these days, one of them is soon going to trigger a volcanic eruption or two. The extent of the eruption cannot be known at this time of course; it could be small or it could be so massive that it could devastate the area around it like so many other volcanoes have done throughout the history of the world. Volcanoes are forces of nature that humans are powerless against; when one erupts, the best thing to do is get out of the way ASAP.

Below are 5 of the worst volcanic eruptions of all time that will make you marvel at the force of nature.

Top 5 Worst Volcanic Eruptions

Mt. Tambora

Mt. Tambora

Mt. Tambora can be found in Sumbawa Island, Indonesia. The explosion of this volcano was ranked 7 (super-colossal) on the VEI or the Volcanic Activity Index. It is also the second-highest ranking eruption to be found in the index. The eruption peaked in April 1815; it exploded with such a massive amount of noise that people all the way from the island of Sumatra (1,930km away) heard it. It killed around 71,000 people and covered far-away islands in ash.

Chanbaishan Volcano

This volcano is located on the North Korea/China border and it erupted around 1000 AD and ranks 7 on the VEI. The eruption spewed volcanic material all the way to northern Japan which is about 1,200 km away from the volcano. Its eruption was so massive that a caldera 4.5km across and nearly 1km wide was formed in the summit of the mountain.

Mt. Thera

Located on the island of Santorini in Greece. Scientists believe it erupted around 1610 BC and has a VEI rank of 7. They also state that the energy from the eruption was equivalent to several atomic bombs going off within a fraction of a single second.

Ilopango Volcano

This volcano is found in El Salvador and while it has only erupted twice, the one that happened in 450 AD was quite a monster. It covered vast tracks of land with ash and forced the early Mayans to flee for their lives.

Mt. Pinatubo

Mt. Pinatubo

Located in Luzon Island in the Philippines, the 1991 explosion of Mt. Pinatubo ranked 6 in the VEI. This stratovolcano ejected around 5 cubic km of volcanic material into the air and expelled a column of ash 35 km into the atmosphere. The explosion spewed millions of tons of particles and sulfur dioxide into the air and it caused global temperatures to drop by 0.5 degree Celsius for a year after.

 

What is Cannibalism?

 

Cannibalism is viewed as a barbaric practice which is shunned in most if not all cultures in the world. However, there are documented cases of cannibalism in traditional tribes as well as modern people. The world “cannibal” is drawn from the Spanish “Canibales” which is the name used to refer to the Carib people. People who practice cannibalism or the act of eating human flesh or specific body parts are called cannibals. Not limited to humans, cannibalism also applies to other living things such as insects and mammals who eat their own kind—may it be sexual cannibalism or cannibalism due to lack of other prey to hunt.

Cannibalism in Different Cultures

Eating human flesh has been present as a cultural practice and has been present for hundreds if not thousands of years, especially in tribes such as those in Melanesia. In some societies, consumption of human flesh is a cultural norm or even a kind of ritual. Some even believe that the deceased, when eaten, can help with the grieving process of those left behind. For tribes, cannibalism may be a celebration of victory against rivals, or as a way of showing the dominant tribe in the said place.

In some cases, cannibalism occurs not because of cultural norms or for ritualistic purposes but rather the need for survival. It has been known to be one of the last resorts for people faced with famine, and since the human body is packed with nutrients—it is an excellent source of energy especially in times of great need or food scarcity.

Cannibalism in Modern Men

Some cannibals are actually mentally ill people who have their personal reasons for committing cannibalism. One of the most famous documented cases was of Albert Fish who was a known child murderer and cannibal. He even documented his own acts and sent a letter to one of his victim’s parents. His victim was named Grace Budd whose parents he was able to convince to allow him to accompany to a party.

Armin Meiwes

In more recent events, German Armin Meiwes used the internet forum Cannibal Café to get in touch with a willing subject which he later on consumed. He admitted to his crime and revealed the details of what transpired once the victim was with him. He is presently serving a life sentence in a German prison.

Whether it is a cultural norm or a kind of human perversion, there are still debates on cannibalism and whether or not it should be treated as a mental disorder.