Top Mysteries of the Oceans

 

Did you know that 71% of the earth is covered with water? In this huge amount of space, you can just imagine how much remains to be undiscovered no matter how many studies have been made of the oceans throughout the years. Here are a few mysteries about the ocean that remain to baffle the experts:

The Bermuda Triangle

The Bermuda Triangle

Considering that the Bermuda Triangle, also known as the Devil’s Triangle, is just a small portion of the entire ocean, it’s still big enough to cover around 1.5M square miles. This vast area between Florida, Puerto Rico and Bermuda is an area feared by pilots and seafarers alike, considering the thousands of mysterious disappearances that have happened within its boundaries. Although a number of theories have been offered, proof is still lacking. Some say that there are huge deposits of methane hydrate on the sea floor, which can release methane gas, decreasing the water density causing ships to sink. Some also say that an electronic fog causing instruments to malfunction has been the cause of disappearances. This specific theory sprouted not only from accounts of survivors, but from the fact that those who dare to wander within the area simply fade away from the radar, without any warnings or calls for help sent.

The Baltic Sea Anomaly

The Baltic Sea Anomaly

In 2011, a team of divers discovered a circular formation around 60 meters thick, 90 meters below the Baltic Sea’s surface. Because of its familiar shape and form, UFO enthusiasts automatically jumped at the chance to prove that this was evidence of alien life forms. In 2012 however, experts finally announced that this was actually a natural formation. Also called balancing rocks or glacial erratics, this was the product of glaciers melting towards the end of the Ice Age, with the rocks inside the glaciers dropping deep into the seas and leaving deposits around the area. Of course, those who believe in alien life forms still believe in their UFO theory to this day.

These are only two of the wonders and mysteries of the earth’s waters. Considering that man has only explored around half of the ocean and only 5% to 7% of the ocean floor, it is no wonder that a great many strange phenomena are still reported to this day. It would, of course, be a big challenge to finally find all the answers behind each mystery, but this is exactly what makes this world so interesting.

 

Monarch Butterflies: An Endangered Beauty

 

Each and every year, people have stood witnesses to the migration of monarch butterflies. Sighting the migration of this species is probably one of the best attractions Mother Nature has to offer. Monarch butterflies are hard to miss. What makes them stand out among other butterflies are their noticeable black and orange markings alongside a pair of wings which can grow up to 4 inches.

monarch butterfly

Why and When Do They Migrate?

Just like any type of animal, these migratory butterflies move from one place to another because of the harsh seasonal weather of North America. They are highly susceptible to cold weather, so they fly either south or west, in search of a warmer place to settle in (usually Mexico). This usually happens at the start of October, but of course, things may change if the winter months start earlier than that. Their arrival usually happens during one of the most celebrated festivals in Mexico, Dia de los Muertos (which translates to Day of the Dead), and it is believed that these butterflies are the souls of the departed coming back to earth.

Before they fly northwards again for the spring, they mate, lay eggs in the south, and die. As soon as the hatched eggs are fertilized, they, in turn, continue with the process. The cycle just goes on and on.


monarch butterflies migration

Their Biggest Threat

Although we may think that the biggest threat to their species is the cool weather and climate change, the destruction of their natural habitat and the eradication of their primary food source appear to be the top causes. Destruction of their natural habitat can include illegal logging, soil erosion, and ozone depletion, while their limited food source is caused by considering milkweed, which is their food, as a dangerous weed and not as a giver of life to these animals.

What Can Be Done

Milkweed is an important part of a Monarch’s life because this is where it lays its eggs, and it is the only plant their young can eat. Just a few days ago, the Bergen Audubon Society requested the residents of North Jersey to plant milkweeds in their backyards, and for people to stop destroying them if they find any. In addition to this, the society has even donated milkweed plants to certain schools and places where the butterflies are most likely to visit. Although the society’s main focus is the preservation of birds, they recently have started two butterfly sanctuaries.