Famous Scientists

Probiotics and Its Benefits to Newborns

Author: Heather Brown

Colic is every new mother’s nightmare, as their babies incessantly whine and wail because of this. A condition regularly experienced by babies, colic is a fluctuating pain felt around the abdominal area. It is usually caused by intestinal gas, or when any form of obstruction is present in the intestines. Traditionally, colic would mean changing the milk formula that a baby takes, or asking a breastfeeding mom to take herbal supplements. Some products in the market also promise to keep newborns colic-free, such as nipples used on baby bottles. Basically, no clear remedy has been proven to be 100% effective, with different styles working on different sets of babies as well. Recent studies show however, that there might be a clearer and better option in easing and reducing the chances of your baby suffering from colic.

What are Probiotics?

What are Probiotics?

Probiotics are live organisms that are said to help improve overall health and addresses specific problems suffered by some bodily functions. Our digestive system in particular, has a lot to gain with the help of probiotics. According to research, a lot of digestive disorders happen when the good kind of bacteria inside our intestines are disturbed. Yes, our intestines are actually home to over 500 different kinds of bacteria that keep our intestines clean and healthy and help the digestive process run smoothly. These bacteria lose their balance when we experience infections, or when we take antibiotics.

This is where probiotics come in. Probiotics help restore the balance inside our digestive system, helping our resident bacteria return to their daily routine. They are even capable in fighting against the bad bacteria that causes other stomach disorders such as diarrhea. Probiotics are also seen as effective in helping you maintain a strong immune system.

Probiotics and Your Baby


Probiotics and Your Baby

Because of the great benefits that probiotics has especially involving the digestive system, continuous research is done on how it can help babies get over their colic, which is considered to be a functional gastrointestinal disease. Testing the theory on over 500 infants, it has been proven that those who were administered with lactobacillus reuteri, a probiotic form, spent significantly less time crying and had more regular bowel movement compared to others. This means that the babies had improved digestive functions compared to those who were not administered with probiotics. These results show great promise, and continuous testing is done to further show just how much potential probiotics have in solving digestive problems for newborn and adults alike.

Why Does Your Skin Turn Wrinkly?

Author: Heather Brown

Aging is a natural occurrence and is something that cannot be kept from happening. Although this holds to be true, a lot of people continue to be bothered by the effects of aging, most especially the physical ones. There are also instances when the visible signs of aging appear earlier than expected and for several reasons.

What could be the most prominent visible sign of aging is the appearance of wrinkles. Wrinkles are folds and creases that develop on your skin, often appearing on the face, around the neck, at the back of the hands, and on top of the forearms.

Why Does Your Skin Turn Wrinkly?

What causes wrinkles? Here are a few of them:

•  Smoking lets in a number of toxins into your system which causes the skin to dry up and wrinkle, often prematurely.

•  People with light skin are prone to a lot more damage on their skin due to the sun’s rays which is another cause of wrinkling.

•  Genetics could also play a big role in the way your skin develops. Some families simply have smoother skin than others, regardless of age.

•  Facial expressions also have a lot to do with the development of wrinkles. It is expected for those who frown a lot to have wrinkles develop early around their forehead. You could probably guess why the lines around the eyes are called “laugh lines”.

Basically, anything that causes your skin to dry up can cause wrinkles. These can be brought about by factors from the external environment such as the quality of air and the amount of sun you are exposed to. Internal factors such as the amount of nutrients distributed around the body and the amount of toxins that your body is exposed to also have great effects on the skin.

Although there are several products that promise to reduce the occurrence of wrinkles, it is always best to do things the natural way. A healthy diet could help delay this visible sign of aging. This would give you the nutrients that your body needs to stock up on collagen and elastin, the substances in your body that cause your skin to remain elastic, firm and smooth. Try to lessen your exposure to sunlight especially if you have very light skin. Always wear sunglasses and hats to shield your face and wear long sleeves when the sun is exceptionally hot. Stock up on vitamins as these are great in keeping your skin young and healthy.

Silly Diets and Food Science

Author: Heather Brown

Society is obsessed with fitness and appearances. Thin is in and fat is viewed as something to be despised and ridiculed. In the quest to lose fat (not necessarily to be healthy), people have come up with the most absurd diets ever. This is not to say that diets do not work but there are some diets so extreme and so ridiculous that it is enough to make you wonder why people think they will even work in the first place. Take a look at some of the most absurd diets out there.

Silly Diets and Food Science

Lose weight, do not eat!

This diet will not only help you shed fat but it will also help you shed hair, lose muscle, and stop world hunger at the same time. The premise of this diet is that you do not eat; because apparently the human body is like a plant and can get nourishment from the sun and from the air that you breathe. You might not believe this but there are actually people that tried this diet and surprisingly they lived to tell their story.


This diet is a bit nutty but the main idea is that it relates to six different hormones in the body and fat accumulation in different parts of the body. In a word, this diet pertains to site-specific fat loss by way of hormone balancing. People on this diet only eat certain kinds of foods and uses supplements and a training program. What makes this diet so absurd is that it relies too much on supplements and uses pseudoscience as justification for its methods. The only reason people lose weight on this diet is that it limits food intake and involves exercise.


This is not to say that the gluten-free diet is necessarily bad since it is quite crucial to people that suffer from gluten sensitivity and celiac disease. Most people lose weight on this since they cut back on food with carbs but the bad part is many more gain weight since they believe then can gorge on gluten-free food like sausages and the like. Take note: gluten-free does not mean calorie-free and to lose weight you need to cut back on the calories or burn more than you take in.

If you really want to lose weight, the best thing to do is watch what you eat and exercise so you burn more fat than you take in. That is the long and short of it and something that these diets tend to miss. There is simply no short cut to losing weight; you have to work hard for it.

10 Strangest Science Experiments

Author: Heather Brown

The phrase “mad scientist” did not come from out of nowhere! Here are ten of the strangest science experiments that will pique your interest:

1. Stanford Prison Experiment.

A group of students were made to pretend as prisoners and wardens. The wardens exhibited a love for their power while the prisoners grew more and more restless, even mutinous. Actual law officers needed to be called to bring order to the participants.

2. The Hanging Studies.

Strangest Science Experiments

Forensic scientist Nicolas Minovici conducted the hanging studies by advising assistants to hang him as well as other people to see what happens when someone dies through hanging.

3. Crucifixion research.

Similar to the Hanging Studies, the crucifixion research aimed to figure out what a person goes through when crucified. The pathologist Frederick Zugibe did just that to his volunteers.

4. One year in bed.

This 370-day research was done to find out the effects of weightlessness on a person while doing normal things like reading, eating, and everything else.

5. Human bullet.

Done to determine if pilots can be ejected from their supersonic jets during the WW II, Paul Stapp was the volunteer for this experiment where he was first ejected from 90 mph up to 200 mph. He did this in the course of 7 years, for a total of 29 times.

6. Self-surgery.

Evan O’Neill Kane, an American surgeon, performed a surgery on himself to remove his appendix. The only problem encountered during the 30-minute operation was when his guts came out when he bent forward, but he was able to successfully excise his appendix.

7. Ingestion of non-food items.

Strangest Science Experiments

Frederick Hoelzel ate items like glass, gravel, and other pieces of indigestible objects to see how long it would take to get it out of his system. He was therefore nicknamed “the Human Billy Goat.”

8. Worm diet.

In 1878, Giovanni Battista Grassi infested himself with worms by ingesting eggs which he kept after an autopsy. This weird method even became some kind of rite of passage for some parasitologists.

9. The Obedience Experiment.

Stanley Milgram’s obedience experiment is one of the most famous examples of weird experiments. He asked volunteers to electrocute a patient, who was an actor pretending to be electrocuted until he died. Most of the patients only proceeded, and one of them even kind of laughed a maniacal laughter when asked to electrocute the “dead” actor.

10. Isolated live dog head.

Sergei Brukhonenko was able to keep a dog’s severed head alive with the use of an “autoejector.” The dog’s head responded to stimuli by flinching, having dilated pupils, and even eating a piece of cheese which would just pop out from its esophagus.

These science experiments are truly on the bizarre end of scientific activities

5 Most Fascinating Natural Phenomena

Author: Heather Brown

Nature has an amazing way of surprising us at every turn, leaving a lot for experts to explain. As the tendency to get too attached to the modern world rises, the natural world does its part in pulling everybody back by showing that indeed, there are some things that only nature can do best.

Here are five natural phenomena that leave the world fascinated and spellbound:

Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis

Aurora Borealis and Aurora Australis

Who could miss this spectacular light show? The Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis) and the Southern Lights (Aurora Australis) are seen just above the northern and southern hemispheres’ magnetic poles. Commonly appearing in hues of green and pink, it also showcases shades of red, blue, yellow, and violet at times. The streaks of light may appear as arcs, ripples, rays, and other forms. This striking occurrence is caused when highly charged electrons from the solar winds and elements from the earth’s atmosphere interact.

Sailing Stones

Sailing stones, also known as sliding rocks or moving rocks, remain to baffle experts, without any clear and confirmed cause to the phenomenon. These rocks move around smooth valley floors every two or three years, forming long tracks that prove their movement. The direction and length at which they travel vary, with different rocks moving or stopping randomly regardless of their similarities or differences in shape and size. The phenomenon has been subject for research since the early 1900’s, and can be observed in different locations like Little Bonnie Clair Playa in Nevada and Racetrack Playa, Death Valley National Park in California.

Fire Devils

Fire Devils

Also known as fire whirls or fire tornadoes, fire devils occur when whirling eddies of air are formed due to a combination of intense heat and turbulent wind conditions. Having a similar appearance as a tornado, it sucks in burning debris and combustible gases. This spinning vortex of flame can reach temperatures of up to 2,000⁰F within its core, usually 1 to 3 feet wide and 50 to 100 feet tall.

Fire Rainbows

Fire Rainbows are only called as such because of the splash of different colors across its flame-like form. However, the stunning sight is neither borne from fire or rainbows. Scientifically, fire rainbows are circumhorizontal arcs, ice halos that are formed by ice crystals that are hexagonal in shape in high level cirrus clouds. There are specific conditions at which these can be formed and observed. The sun’s elevation should be at a 58⁰ angle or higher, with the combined presence of plate shaped ice crystals and high altitude cirrus clouds. The sunlight also has to strike the ice crystals at a very specific angle to form the overall effect.

Columnar Basalt

Anyone who sees these column-like structures would think that these are man-made. These are formed when lava flow cools quickly, leaving behind averagely distributed hexagonal structures. Some of the most famous formations are Giant’s Causeway in Northern Ireland, Cliff of Stone Plates in Vietnam, Frooba in The Faroese Islands, and Prismas Basalticos in Mexico.

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