Famous Scientists

Pros and Cons of Fabric in a Can

Author: Heather Brown

What would you do if someone were to come up with you and spray clothing on you? That sentence may not make sense at first because who has ever heard of spray on clothing anyway? Well, you have heard of spray on clothing and you will learn more about it now.

It may sound like something straight out of a sci-fi film but it is very real and you have Spanish fashion designer Manel Torres to credit for its existence as he is the brains behind the first very spray-on clothing in the world. This clothing can be sprayed directly on the body and may be worn and washed just like regular clothes. What is even more amazing is that Manel Torres came up with this idea 13 years ago while he was taking his MA for Women’s Wear. Of course, he didn’t do it alone because he had some help from scientist from the London Imperial College and after years of research, they came up with a spray that turns into fabric which can be worn over and over again once it comes in contact with human skin.

As you can imagine, this technology is quite revolutionary but just like everything else, it has certain pros and cons. Below you will find some of them discussed so you can come to your own conclusion as to what the future is for this invention.

Spray in clothing pros

•  This clothing may be sprayed directly on the body which means users get a custom fit every time, all the time.

•  This may just change the way clothes are made since the actual process of creating regular process takes some time since there is a need for weaving the fabric, dying, and tailoring it to its final incarnation.

•  It doesn’t at all look like spray paint and its texture can vary based in the fibers used in the spray (linen, acrylic, wool, spandex, etc.) so you can actually get many types of spray on clothing.

•  It feels cold when first sprayed on the body but it hardens in a jiffy and before you know it, you have a brand new pair of pants or a new shirt that came from a can.

•  It is made in such a way that it doesn’t stick to hair. Some people have expressed a concern that spraying the clothes directly on the body means it will stick to more hirsute men but as Torres demonstrated in his presentation TEDx Talks, hair doesn’t stick to the spray on clothes.

•  The spray on clothe scan be removed and washed repeatedly just like regular clothes.

The cons of spray on clothing

•  Since spraying on the clothes means they will take the shape of your body, this may be harder on people who have lumps and bulges they wish to conceal with their clothes.

•  Though it has been in existence for close to 14 years, it is not yet commercially available. However, Torres has teamed with other experts to look for a more viable way of producing these clothes in a can so they can one day become an alternative to regular clothing.

Top Medical Breakthroughs that Will Change the Face of Modern Medicine

Author: Heather Brown

With the developments being made in technology there also come changes in the medical field and there are breakthrough being made every day. These medical advances will help doctors diagnose illnesses faster and more accurately than ever before. Below, you will find some examples of medical breakthroughs that can change your life.

  • 1. Delivering Speedy DNA based Diagnoses for Newborn

For critically-ill newborns, time is of the essence and many newborns that are admitted to neonatal intensive care units are usually suffering from genetic anomalies and diseases that are inherited from their parents. By delivering the results of DNA based testing in a speedier manner, doctors can quickly interpret the newborns genome so they can find out which diseased the newborn has. It used to take quite a lot of time but with the latest advances in technology, the results can usually be delivered in just 50 hours.

  • 2. Chances to Reverse Autism

There are some researchers who claim that the Early Start Denver Model which is aimed at kids that are afflicted with autism can actually help reverse this condition. They say that it actually can make some headway into normalizing the way their brains function. The kids involved in their program (lasted two years) have started to show brain activity patterns that are similar to those of kids that do not autism. It has very promising success rates and the EDSM program works best when introduced to kids early in the development stage with the supervision of toddlers and introduced several hours per week.

  • 3. Body Parts Grown in Labs

Finding body parts for transplants is quite difficult and there are some that are near impossible to obtain which means more deaths. Now, there is technology that can be used to help regenerate organs and body parts and they are made from the stem cells that originate from the patient so the chances of rejection are lessened. This is a technique that’s marks a great point in the future of regenerative medicine and with this technique, people will no longer have to worry about not having organs when they need it.

There are many more medical advantages that mark a great turning point in the future of medicine and while most of them are still in the early testing stages, there are some that are slowly being used in hospitals all over the world which is good news for patients.

Most Bizarre Things Discovered in Space

Author: Heather Brown

The universe is still full of mystery. But in the past few years of exploration in outer space, there have been bizarre discoveries which have sparked renewed interest in scientists to keep their eyes open and eager to find out more. Here are some of the most bizarre things discovered in space:

Cold star – Most people know that stars are usually of hot temperatures. Just five months after being able to discover a star which was just a few degrees hotter than your normal coffee, scientists discovered WISE 1828+2650 which has about 80 degrees Fahrenheit for its normal temperature!

Diamond planet – Yes, a planet made of diamond. PSR J1719-1438 b is not like most planets made of gas or molten lava as it has a diamond core. It came from a binary star which had to supernova, and this resulted in a pulsating dwarf star or a pulsar. It was able to retain its core made entirely of carbon. Since carbon is the base of having diamonds, the interior of the star hardened under the conditions in space and turned its core into one big diamond.

Giant rain cloud – Whoever said space was just full of nothingness? This is obviously wrong as it has quite a ton of matter in it. Scientists have discovered a great pool of water—more specifically, a rain cloud floating out in space. Think of it as a hundred thousand times bigger than the Pacific Ocean. This giant rain cloud is the largest collection of water in the whole observable universe.

A star bigger than the sun – This star is 1,500 times bigger to scale. It may be hard to grasp, but think of it this way—the sun is 109 times bigger than the earth, and when combined, the members of our solar system would make up only 1% since 99% of the total mass would be the sun. VY Canis Majoris happens to be much bigger than the sun, with a diameter of 1.7 billion miles!

Shooting star – You might not think of this as weird since you can see this occurrence during meteor showers, but these meteorites or shooting stars “shoot” when they are pulled into the earth’s atmosphere. Mira is one of the red giants out in space, and it is nearing the end of its life. It goes through space at 291,000 miles per hour, literally shooting through space and leaving behind light-years worth of a shooting star tail.

Casts so Cool They’ll Make You Want to Break a Bone

Author: Heather Brown

Anyone who has ever broken a bone will tell you that it is one of the most annoying and painful experiences ever. As if breaking a bone wasn’t enough, traditional casts are bulky monstrosities that are a pain the neck, cost no amount of itching and make for blank canvasses for your friends to doodle embarrassing things in. yes, breaking bones and getting them fixed is all sorts of trouble but that may all soon change with the introduction of the Cortex Cast.

What Is the Cortex Cast?

This cast was the brainchild of one Jake Evill from New Zealand who broke his hand “rescuing” his friend from a fight and was saddled with a plaster cast for several months. He was very unpleasantly surprised to discover just how cumbersome his cast was and came to the conclusion that with all the medical and technological advances made today, wrapping broken bones on pounds and pounds of plaster that was caused itching and stunk to the high heavens as still the norm. He tried looking for an alternative and after finding out that there was none, he actually set out to make his own design and this was how the Cortex Cast came to be.

Casts so Cool They’ll Make You Want to Break a Bone-2

He began by doing some research by checking the human bone structure and got his inspiration from the trabecular. These tiny lattice-shaped structures that make up the inner tissues of the human bone seemed like the perfect things to base his design on. He decided that nature had the bets answers and he was going to copy what it has already perfected. He says the natural shape of the cast makes it very strong. Although it is light, it does a great job of protecting the bone.

To make the Cortex Cast, the patient’s fractured bone would be scanned so a computer can come up with the best pattern for it. A 3d printer will be used to produce the cast and denser materials will be used in places where the fracture needs the most support. According to Jerry Evil, the current prototype of the Cortex Cast was made using a rigged 3D printer and Kinect that he hacked with some help from Shapeways located in the Netherlands.

He also admits that his invention is still in the development stage but it is garnering quite the buzz and is proving to be very promising. If all goes well, this Cortex Cast will probably be the future for people who suffer from broken bones.

5 of the Best New Materials Created by Scientists

Author: Heather Brown

Scientists always have their minds working towards innovations to make the world today more advanced when it comes to different technological discoveries. From simple items to more complex ones, here are 5 of the best new materials which are recently created by scientists:

Fungal foam – Proposed as a green alternative to Styrofoam, Mushroom Packaging from Evocative Design makes use of mycelium or the mushroom roots in order to come up with the biodegradable alternative to the petroleum-based and non-biodegradable plastic foams.

Shrilk – Researchers from Harvard University’s Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have come up with a bio-inspired plastic which mimics the function of insect wings; strong enough to lift and protect their host, and light enough for flight. It is composed of chitin from shrimp cells, and can be used to manufacture plastic bags, packaging materials, and even diapers which can easily degrade.

Qmilch – Anke Domaske, a 28 year old German biochemist, is also a fashion designer. She has fused her two fields of interest to come up with Qmilch—a kind of sustainable fabric which is made from milk proteins. This process is not that new since the act of making textile products from milk started back in the 1930s. What made Anke’s work novel is the fact that she has found a completely organic method to produce a hypoallergenic fabric. The textile industry has yet to adopt mass production of Qmilch though.

Mega magnets – Magnets are used for industrial mechanisms such as turbines, cars, and other machines. However, earth metals with such properties can be really rare. Electron Energy Corp teamed up with the researchers from the University of Delaware to increase the strength of the rare earth magnets to as much as 30%. The goal of these scientists is to reduce the loss of motor efficiency, even when the motors would operate at much higher speeds. Neodynium magnet is one of the most widely used rare earth magnets today.

Electric ink – These inks are metal free and have conducting abilities. They will play a big role in the production of sensors, screens, and even batteries for most pieces of gadgets today. This kind of ink is also much easier to make than conventional inks for electronics, adheres to more kinds of materials, and can even be printed simply by using a desktop device.

These recent innovations are still being improved, and after some time, making it to mainstream can help the people of today have eco-friendly and more efficient materials to use.

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